Die Ringe des Saturn S. 321ff

In einem von Thomas Browne nachgelassenen Konvolut vermischter Schriften über den Nutz- und Ziergartenbau, über das Urnenfeld bei Brampton, das Anlegen künstlicher Hügel und Berge, die von den Propheten und heiligen Evangelisten erwähnten Pflanzen, die Insel Island, die altsächsische Sprache, die Antworten des Delphischen Orakels, die von unserem Erlöser gegessenen Fische, die Gewohnheiten der Insekten, die Falknerei, einen Fall von Altersfreßsucht und noch manch anderes mehr befindet sich auch ein

betitelter Katalog merkwürdiger Bücher, Bildnisse, Antiquitäten und sonstiger absonderlicher Dinge, von denen dies oder jenes tatsächlich Teil einer von Browne selber zusammengetragenen Raritätensammlung gewesen sein mag, das allermeiste aber offenbar zum Bestand eines rein imaginären, einzig im Inneren seines Kopfes existierenden und nur über die Buchstaben auf dem Papier zugänglichen Schatzhauses gehörte.

Sir Thomas Browne, einer der letzten Menschen, die alles wussten, in Desiderata:
Ich wünsche mir
- ein verschollenes Ovid-Gedicht
- ein (nie erschaffenes) Gemälde eines Elefanten auf dem Hochseil geritten von einem Neger-Zwerg
- ein Kruzifix aus Froschknochen
- ein Straußenei, bemalt mit einem Bild der Schlacht von Alcazar.

Vieles in dieser Liste sei verschollen, verloren, verbrannt, geraubt, verkauft, fragmentiert ...
Ist die erträumte Wunderkammer des britischen Universalgelehrten ein gelehrter Witz oder eine Utopie?
Brownes virtuelles Museum ist nicht das erste seiner Art (bereits ein Jahrhundert zuvor parodiert Rabelais eine imaginäre Bibliothek), aber eines der sprachmächtigsten. Wie kein anderer steht dieser kolossale Text mit seinen eigentümlichen Vernetzungen für die verlorene Zeit, in der Wissen, Glauben, Kunst und Einbildungskraft wie selbstverständlich in eines zusammenflossen. Noch nicht aufgerissen scheint der Graben zwischen Information und Wissen, jene Wunde unserer Tage.
Heute explorieren wir mit Browne den Verlust universaler Bildung im Zeitalter des Internet - das W. G. Sebald stets gemieden hat - und setzen auf seine Levitation, versuchen den gefahrvollen Höhenflug der Sprache in der Prosa des großen englischen Stilisten ohne Fallschirm zu überstehen. Vielleich helfen uns Illustrationen und Musik ein wenig bei der Entstehung der unvollständigen Geschichte des Sammelns, bei diesem Requiem auf die Gelehrsamkeit...

Wer weiß, wo alle diese Schätze sich jetzt befinden?

Und - wer weiß schon, wie es wirklich war?

I. Rare and generally unknown Books.

1. A Poem of Ovidius Naso, written in the Getick Language, during his exile at Tomos, found wrapt up in Wax at Sabaria, on the Frontiers of Hungary, where there remains a tradition that he died, in his return towards Rome from Tomos, either after his pardon or the death of Augustus.

2. The Letter of Quintus Cicero, which he wrote in answer to that of his Brother Marcus Tullius, desiring of him an account of Britany, wherein are deescribed the Country, State and Manners of the Britains of that Age.

3. An Ancient British Herbal, or description of divers Plants of this Island, observed by that famous Physician Scribonius Largus, when he attended the Emperour Claudius in his Expedition into Britany.

4. An exact account of the Life and Death of Avicenna confirming the account of his Death by taking nine Clysters together in a fit of the Colick; and not as Marius the Italian Poet delivereth, by being broken upon the Wheel; left with other Pieces by Benjamin Tudelensis, as he travelled from Saragossa to Jerusalem, in the hands of Abraham Jarchi, a famous Rabbi of Lunet near Montpelier, and found in a Vault when the Walls of that City were demolished by Lewis the Thirteenth.

5. A punctual relation of Hannibal’s march out of Spain into Italy, and far more particular than that of Livy, where about he passed the River Rhodanus or Rhosne; at what place he crossed the Isura or L’isere; when he marched up toward the confluence of the Sone and the Rhone, or the place where the City Lyons was afterward built; how wisely he decided the difference between King Brancus and his Brother, at what place he passed the Alpes, what Vinegar he used, and where he obtained such quantity to break and calcine the Rocks made hot with Fire.

6. A learned Comment upon the Periplus of Hanno the Carthaginian, or his Navigation upon the Western Coast of Africa, with the several places he landed at; what Colonies he settled, what Ships were scattered from his Fleet near the Æquinoctial Line, which were not afterward heard of, and which probably fell into the Trade Winds, and were carried over into the Coast of America.

7. A particular Narration of that famous Expedition of the English into Barbary in the ninety fourth year of the Hegira, so shortly touched by Leo Africanus, whither called by the Goths they besieged, took and burnt the City of Arzilla possessed by the Mahometans, and lately the seat of Gayland; with many other exploits delivered at large in Arabick, lost in the Ship of Books and Rarities which the King of Spain took from Siddy Hamet the King of Fez, whereof a great part were carried into the Escurial, and conceived to be gathered out of the relations of Hibnu Nachu, the best Historian of the African Affairs.

8. A Fragment of Pythæas that ancient Traveller of Marseille; which we suspect not to be spurious, because, in the description of the Northern Countries, we find that passage of Pythæas mentioned by Strabo,9a that all the Air beyond Thule is thick, condensed and gellied, looking just like Sea Lungs.

9. A Sub Marine Herbal, describing the several Vegetables found on the Rocks, Hills, Valleys, Meadows at the bottom of the Sea, with many sorts of Alga, Fucus, Quercus, Polygonum, Gramens and others not yet described.

10. Some Manuscripts and Rarities brought from the Libraries of Æthiopia, by Zaga Zaba, and afterward transported to Rome, and scattered by the Souldiers of the Duke of Bourbon, when they barbarously sacked that City.

11. Some pieces of Julius Scaliger, which he complains to have been stoln from him, sold to the Bishop of Mende in Languedock, and afterward taken away and sold in the Civil Wars under the Duke of Rohan.

12. A Comment of Dioscorides upon Hyppocrates, procured from Constantinople by Amatus Lusitanus, and left in the hands of a Jew of Ragusa.

13. Marcus Tullius Cicero his Geography; as also a part of that magnified Piece of his De Republica, very little answering the great expectation of it, and short of Pieces under the same name by Bodinus and Tholosanus.

14. King Mithridates his Oneirocritica.
Aristotle de Precationibus.
Democritus de his quæ fiunt apud Orcum, & Oceani circumnavigatio.
[A defence of Arnoldus de Villa Nova, whom the learned Postellus conceived to be the author of De Tribus Impostoribus.] Epicurus de Pietate.
A Tragedy of Thyestes, and another of Medea, writ by Diogenes the Cynick.
King Alfred upon Aristotle de Plantis.
Seneca’s Epistles to S. Paul.
King Solomon de Umbris Idæarum, which Chicus Asculanus, in his Comment upon Johannes de Sacrobosco, would make us believe he saw in the Library of the Duke of Bavaria.

15. Artemidori Oneirocritici Geographia.
Pythagoras de Mari Rubro.
The Works of Confutius the famous Philosopher of China, translated into Spanish.

16. Josephus in Hebrew, written by himself.

17. The Commentaries of Sylla the Dictatour.

18. A Commentary of Galen upon the Plague of Athens described by Thucydides.

19. Duo Cæsaris Anti-Catones, or the two notable Books written by Julius Cæsar against Cato; mentioned by Livy, Salustius and Juvenal; which the Cardinal of Liege told Ludovicus Vives were in an old Library of that City.
Mazhapha Einok, or, the Prophecy of Enoch, which Ægidius Lochiensis, a learned Eastern Traveller, told Peireschius that he had found in an old Library at Alexandria containing eight thousand Volumes.

20. A Collection of Hebrew Epistles, which passed between the two learned Women of our age Maria Molinea of Sedan, and Maria Schurman of Utrecht.
A wondrous Collection of some Writings of Ludovica Saracenica, Daughter of Philibertus Saracenicus a Physician of Lyons, who at eight years of age had made a good progress in the Hebrew, Greek and Latin Tongues.

II. Rarities in Pictures.

1. A Picture of the three remarkable Steeples or Towers in Europe built purposely awry and so as they seem falling. Torre Pisana at Pisa, Torre Garisenda in Bononia, and that other in the City of Colein.

2. A Draught of all sorts of Sistrums, Crotaloes, Cymbals, Tympans, &c. in use among the Ancients.

3. Large Submarine Pieces, well delineating the bottom of the Mediterranean Sea, the Prerie or large Sea-meadow upon the Coast of Provence, the Coral Fishing, the gathering of Sponges, the Mountains, Valleys and Desarts, the Subterraneous Vents and Passages at the bottom of that Sea ; the passage of Kircherus in his Iter Submarinus when he went down about Egypt, and rose again in the Red Sea. Together with a lively Draught of Cola Pesce, or the famous Sicilian Swimmer, diving into the Voragos and broken Rocks by Charybdis, to fetch up the golden Cup, which Frederick, King of Sicily, had purposely thrown into that Sea.

4. A Moon Piece, describing that notable Battel between Axalla, General of Tamerlane, and Camares the Persian, fought by the light of the Moon.

5. Another remarkable Fight of Inghimmi the Florentine with the Turkish Galleys by Moon-light, who, being for three hours grappled with the Basha Gallery, concluded with a signal Victory.

6. A delineation of the great Fair of Almachara in Arabia, which, to avoid the great heat of the Sun, is kept in the Night, and by the light of the Moon.

7. A Snow Piece, of Land and Trees covered with Snow and Ice, and Mountains of Ice floating in the Sea, with Bears, Seals, Foxes, and variety of rare Fowls upon them.

8. An Ice Piece describing the notable Battel between the Jaziges and the Romans, fought upon the frozen Danubius, the Romans settling one foot upon their Targets to hinder them from slipping, their fighting with the Jaziges when they were fallen, and their advantages therein by their art in volutation and rolling contention or wrastling, according to the description of Dion.

9. Socia, or a Draught of three persons notably resembling each other. Of King Henry the Fourth of France, and a Miller of Languedock; of Sforza Duke of Milain and a Souldier; of Malatesta Duke of Rimini and Marchesinus the Jester.

10. A Picture of the great Fire which happened at Constantinople in the Reign of Sultan Achmet. The Janizaries in the mean time plundring the best Houses, Nassa Bassa the Vizier riding about with a Cimetre in one hand and a Janizary’s Head in the other to deter them; and the Priests attempting to quench the Fire, by pieces of Mahomet’s Shirt dipped in holy Water and thrown into it.

11. A Night Piece of the dismal Supper and strange Entertain of the Senatours by Domitian, according to the description of Dion.

12. A Vestal Sinner in the Cave with a Table and a Candle.

13. An Elephant dancing upon the Ropes with a Negro Dwarf upon his Back.

14. Another describing the mighty Stone falling from the Clouds into Ægospotamos or the Goats River in Greece, which Antiquity could believe that Anaxagoras was able to foretell half a year before.

15. Three noble Pieces; of Vercingetorix the Gaul submitting his person unto Julius Cæsar; of Tigranes King of Armenia humbling presenting himself unto Pompey; and of Tamerlane ascending his Horse from the Neck of Bajazet.

16. Draughts of three passionate Looks; of Thyestes when he was told at the Table that he had eaten a piece of his own Son; of Bajazet when he went into the Iron Cage; of Oedipus when he first came to know that he had killed his Father, and married his own Mother.

17. Of the Cymbrian Mother in Plutarch who, after her overthrow by Marius, hanged her self and her two Children at her feet.

18. Some Pieces delineating singular inhumanities in Tortures. The Scaphismus of the Persians. The living truncation of the Turks. The hanging Sport at the Feasts of the Thracians. The exact method of flaying men alive, beginning between the Shoulders, according to the description of Thomas Minadoi, in his Persian War. Together with the studied tortures of the French Traitours at Pappa in Hungaria: as also the wild and enormous torment invented by Tiberius, designed according unto the description of Suetonius. Excogitaverunt inter genera cruciatûs, ut largâ meri potione par fallaciam oneratos repentè veretris deligatis fidicularum simul urinæque tormento distenderet.

19. A Picture describing how Hannibal forced his passage over the River Rhosne with his Elephants, Baggage and mixed Army; with the Army of the Gauls opposing him on the contrary Shore, and Hanno passing over with his Horse much above to fall upon the Rere of the Gauls.

20. A neat Piece describing the Sack of Fundi by the Fleet and Souldiers of Barbarossa the Turkish Admiral, the confusion of the people and their flying up to the Mountains, and Julia Gonzaga the beauty of Italy flying away with her Ladies half naked on Horseback over the Hills.

21. A noble Head of Franciscus Gonzaga, who, being imprisoned for Treason, grew grey in one night, with this Inscription, O nox quam longa est quæ facit una senem.

22. A large Picture describing the Siege of Vienna by Solyman the Magnificent, and at the same time the Siege of Florence by the Emperour Charles the Fifth and Pope Clement the Seventh, with this Subscription: Tum vacui capitis populum Phæaca putares?

23. An exquisite Piece properly delineating the first course of Metellus his Pontificial Supper, according to the description of Macrobius; together with a Dish of Pisces Fossiles, garnished about with the little Eels taken out of the backs of Cods and Perches; as also with the Shell Fishes found in Stones about Ancona.

24. A Picture of the noble Entertain and Feast of the Duke of Chaulnes at the Treaty of Collen, 1673. when in a very large Room, with all the Windows open, and at a very large Table he sate himself, with many great persons and Ladies; next about the Table stood a row of Waiters, then a row of Musicians, then a row of Musketiers.

25. Milltiades, who overthrew the Persians at the Battel of Marathon and delivered Greece, looking out of a Prison Grate in Athens, wherein he died, with this Inscription, Non hoc terribiles Cymbri non Britones unquam Sauromatæve truces aut immanes Agathyrsi.

26. A fair English Lady drawn Al Negro, or in the Æthiopian hue excelling the original White and Red Beauty, with this Subscription, Sed quandam volo nocte Nigriorem.

27. Pieces and Draughts in Caricatura, of Princes, Cardinals and famous men; wherein, among others, the Painter hath singularly hit the signatures of a Lion and a Fox in the face of Pope Leo the Tenth.

28. Some Pieces A la ventura, or Rare Chance Pieces, either drawn at random, and happening to be like some person, or drawn for some and happening to be more like another; while the Face, mistaken by the Painter, proves a tolerable Picture of one he never saw.

29. A Draught of famous Dwarfs with this Inscription, Nos facimus Bruti puerum nos Logona vivum.

30. An exact and proper delineation of all sorts of Dogs upon occasion of the practice of Sultan Achmet; who in a great Plague at Constantinople transported all the Dogs therein unto Pera, and from thence into a little Island, where they perished at last by Famine: as also the manner of the Priests curing of mad Dogs by burning them in the forehead with Saint Bellin’s Key.

31. A noble Picture of Thorismund King of the Goths as he was killed in his Palace at Tholouze, who being let bloud by a Surgeon, while he was bleeding, a stander by took the advantage to stab him.

32. A Picture of rare Fruits with this Inscription, Credere quæ possis surrepta sororibus Afris.

33. An handsome Piece of Deformity expressed in a notable hard Face, with this Inscription, ——Ora Julius in Satyris qualia Rufus habet.

34. A noble Picture of the famous Duel between Paul Manessi and Caragusa the Turk in the time of Amurath the Second; the Turkish Army and that of Scanderbeg looking on; wherein Manessi slew the Turk, cut off his Head and carried away the Spoils of his Body.

III. Antiquities and Rarities of several sorts.

1. Certain ancient Medals with Greek and Roman Inscriptions, found about Crim Tartary; conceived to be left in those parts by the Souldiers of Mithridates, when overcome by Pompey, he marched about the North of the Euxine to come about into Thracia.

2. Some ancient Ivory and Copper Crosses found with many others in China; conceived to have been brought and left there by the Greek Souldiers who served under Tamerlane in his Expedition and Conquest of that Country.

3. Stones of strange and illegible Inscriptions, found about the great ruines which Vincent le Blanc describeth about Cephala in Africa, where he opinion’d that the Hebrews raised some Buildings of old, and that Solomon brought from thereabout a good part of his Gold.

4. Some handsome Engraveries and Medals, of Justinus and Justinianus, found in the custody of a Bannyan in the remote parts of India, conjectured to have been left there by Friers mentioned in Procopius, who travelled those parts in the reign of Justinianus, and brought back into Europe the discovery of Silk and Silk Worms.

5. An original Medal of Petrus Aretinus, who was called Flagellum Principum, wherein he made his own Figure on the Obverse part with this Inscription, Il Divino Aretino. On the Reverse sitting on a Throne, and at his Feet Ambassadours of Kings and Princes bringing presents unto him, with this Inscription, I Principi tributati da i Popoli tributano il Servitor loro.

6. Mummia Tholosana; or, The complete Head and Body of Father Crispin, buried long ago in the Vault of the Cordeliers at Tholouse, where the Skins of the dead so drie and parch up without corrupting that their persons may be known very long after, with this Inscription, Ecce iterum Crispinus.

7. A noble Quandros or Stone taken out of a Vulture’s Head.

8. A large Ostridges Egg, whereon is neatly and fully wrought that famous Battel of Alcazar, in which three Kings lost their lives.

9. An Etiudros Alberti or Stone that is apt to be always moist: usefull unto drie tempers, and to be held in the hand in Fevers instead of Crystal, Eggs, Limmons, Cucumbers.

10. A small Viol of Water taken out of the Stones therefore called Enhydri, which naturally include a little Water in them, in like manner as the Ætites or Aëgle Stone doth another Stone.

11. A neat painted and gilded Cup made out of the Confiti di Tivoli and formed up with powder’d Egg-shells; as Nero is conceived to have made his Piscina admirabilis, singular against Fluxes to drink often therein.

12. The Skin of a Snake bred out of the Spinal Marrow of a Man.

13. Vegetable Horns mentioned by Linschoten, which set in the ground grow up like Plants about Goa.

14. An extract of the Inck of Cuttle Fishes reviving the old remedy of Hippocrates in Hysterical Passions.

15. Spirits and Salt of Sargasso made in the Western Ocean covered with that Vegetable; excellent against the Scurvy.

16. An extract of Cachunde or Liberans that famous and highly magnified Composition in the East Indies against Melancholy.

17. Diarhizon mirificum; or an unparallel’d Composition of the most effectual and wonderfull Roots in Nature. Rad. Butuæ Cuamensis. Rad. Moniche Cuamensis. Rad. Mongus Bazainensis. Rad. Casei Baizanensis. Rad. Columbæ Mozambiguensis. Gim Sem Sinicæ. Fo Lim lac Tigridis dictæ. Fo seu Cort. Rad. Soldæ. Rad. Ligni Solorani. Rad. Malacensis madrededios dictæ an. M. fiat pulvis, qui cum gelatinâ Cornu cervi Moschati Chinensis formetur in massas oviformes.

18. A transcendent Perfume made of the richest Odorates of both the Indies, kept in a Box made of the Muschie Stone of Niarienburg, with this Inscription, — — Deos rogato Totum ut te faciant, Fabulle, Nasum.

19. A Clepselæa, or Oil Hour-glass, as the Ancients used those of Water.

20. A Ring found in a Fishes Belly taken about Gorro; conceived to be the same wherewith the Duke of Venice had wedded the Sea.

21. A neat Crucifix made out of the cross Bone of a Frogs.

22. A large Agath containing a various and careless Figure, which looked upon by a cylinder representeth a perfect Centaur. By some such advantages King Pyrrhus might find out Apollo and the nine Muses in those Agaths of his whereof Pliny maketh mention.

23. Batracchomyomachia, or the Homerican Battel between Frogs and Mice, neatly described upon the Chizel Bone of a large Pike's Jaw.

24. Pyxis Pandoræ, or a Box which held the Unguentum Pestiferum, which by anointing the Garments of several persons begat the great and horrible Plague of Milan.

25. A Glass of Spirits made of Æthereal Salt, Hermetically sealed up, kept continually in Quick-silver; of so volatile a nature that it will scarce endure the Light, and therefore onely to be shown in Winter, or by the light of a Carbuncle, or Bononian Stone.

Antiqutitäten und Raritäten



Belagerung von Wien und Florenz
Bild der Deformation
Berühmte Zwerge
Drei edle Stücke
Drei qualerfüllte Blicke
Duell zwischen Paul Manessi und dem Türken Caragusa in der Zeit Mehmeths II.
Elefant auf Hochseil
Einige Stücke A la ventura
Erster Gang des Priestermahles des Metellus
Franciscus Gonzaga
Hannibals Überquerung der Rhone
Kimbrische Mutter
Markt von Almachara
Miltitades im Gefängnis
Mord am Gotenkönig Thorismund in Toulouse
Mundus Subterraneus
Nachtstück eines trostlosen Mahles
Plünderung der Stadt Fondi
Schiefe Turm von Bologna
Schiefe Turm von Köln
Schiefe Turm von Pisa
Schlacht zwischen Axalla und den Persern
Schlacht zwischen Jazyygen und Römern auf zugefrorener Donau
Schöne englische Frau, gezeichnet Al Negro
Schwämme sammeln
Seeschlacht Venedig gegen Türkei
Signaturen eines Löwen und Fuchses auf Papst Leo X.
Socia, oder Ähnlichkeiten bei drei Paaren
Stein fällt vom Himmel
Stücke besonders unmenschlicher Folterungen
Sündige Vestalin
Unterhaltung und Fest des Herzogs von Chaulnes beim Bündnis von Köln 1673
Unterirische Wege




, Karthago
, , , , , , , , Rom


Abraham Jarchi
Ægidius Lochiensis
Amatus Lusitanus
Arnoldus de Villanova
Athanasius Kircher
Benjamin Tudelensis
Connétable von Bourbon
Duke of Rohan
Hanno der Seefahrer
Hibnu Nachu
Josephus Flavius
Julius Caesar Scaliger
König Alfred der Große
Leo Africanus
Ludovica Saracenica
Marcellus 'Empiricus'
, Marcus Tullius Cicero
Maria Molinea
Maria von Schürmann
Marius, Giambattista Marino
Mithridates VI.
Ovidius Naso
Philibertus Saracenicus
Quintus Tullius Cicero
Scribonius Largus
Seltene Früchte
Zaga Zaba


Account of the Life and Death of Avicenna
Ancient British Herbal
Artemidori Oneirocritici Geographia
Aristotle de Precationibus
Cæsaris Anti-Catones
Collection of Hebrew Epistles between Maria Molinea of Sedan and Maria Schurman of Utrecht
Collection of some Writings of Ludovica Saracenica
Comment upon the Periplus of Hanno
Comment of Dioscorides upon Hyppocrates
Commentaries of Sylla the Dictatour
Commentary of Galen upon the Plague of Athens described by Thucydides
Fragment of Pythæas
Geography of Marcus Tullius Cicero
Josephus in Hebrew
King Mithridates his Oneirocritica
Manuscripts and Rarities of the Libraries of Æthiopia
Narration of that famous Expedition of the English into Barbary
Part of that magnified Piece of Marcus Tullius Cicero's De Republica
Pieces of Julius Scaliger
Poem of Ovidius Naso
Prophecy of Enoch
Pythagoras de Mari Rubro
Letter of Quintus Cicero
Relation of Hannibal’s march
Short of Pieces De re Publica by Bodinus and Tholosanus
Sub Marine Herbal
Works of Confutius the famous Philosopher of China

Text: oder

Ton: 'museum clausum' Hörspiel von Ulrich Bassenge, 2010


(Die Ringe des Saturn S. 322ff)

Dieses Musaeum Clausum, das Browne in einem kurzen Vorwort an einen unbekannten Leser den seinerzeit weithin berühmten Natur- und Kunstkabinetten des Musaeum Aldrovandi, des Musaeum Calceolarianum, der Casa Abbellitta und der Rudolfmischen Repositorien in Prag und in Wien zur Seite stellt, enthält an seltenen Druckwerken und Schriftstücken unter anderem ein aus dem Besitz der Herzöge von Bayern stammendes Traktat des Königs Salomon über die Schatten des Denkens, einen Briefwechsel in hebräischer Sprache zwischen Molinea von Sedan und Maria Schurman von Utrecht, den beiden gelehrtesten Frauen des siebzehnten Jahrhunderts, und ein Kompendium der unterseeischen Botanik, in welchem alles, was auf den Felsengebirgen und in den Tälern des Meeresgrundes wächst, sämtliche Algen, Korallen und Wasserfarne, von niemandem bisher in Augenschein genommene, von warmen Strömungen durchwogte Stauden und mit den Passatwinden von Kontinent zu Kontinent treibende Pflanzeninseln vollständig beschrieben und dargestellt sind. Ferner enthält die Phantasiebibliothek Brownes ein Fragment eines von Strabo zitierten Berichts des Weltreisenden Pytaeas von Marseille, in dem es heißt, daß die Luft im höchsten Norden, jenseits von Thule, von einer den gallertigen Quallen und Seelungen gleichenden sulzartigen und jeden Atem erstickenden Dichte sei, sowie ein verschollenes Poem des Ovidius Naso, written in the Getick language during his exile in Tomos, das, eingeschlagen in ein gewachstes Tuch, an den Grenzen von Ungarn, in Sabaria, aufgefunden wurde, eben dort also, wo Ovid, der Überlieferung zufolge, bei seiner Rückkehr vom Schwarzen Meer, sei es nach erfolgter Begnadigung, sei es nach dem Tod des Augustus, gestorben war. Zu sehen ist in dem Museum Brownes, nebst den verschiedensten Kuriositäten, eine Kreidezeichnung des zur Vermeidung der Hitze in der Nacht gehaltenen großen Marktes von Almachera in Arabien; ein Gemälde der zwischen Römern und Jazigen auf der zugefrorenen Donau ausgefochtenen Schlacht; ein Traumbild der Meeresprärie vor den Küsten der Provence; Solyman the Magnificent, zu Pferde, bei der Belagerung von Wien, vor einer bis an den Himmelsrand reichenden Stadt aus lauter schneeweißen Zelten; ein Seestück mit treibenden Eisbergen, auf denen Walrösser, Bären, Füchse und wilde Vögel sitzen; und eine Reihe von Skizzen, welche die furchtbarsten Foltermethoden festhalten für den Beschauer: den Scaphismus der Perser, die bei der Vollstreckung von Todesurteilen in der Türkei übliche stückweise Verkürzung des Körpers, die Galgenfeste der Thraker und das von Thomas Minadori auf das genaueste geschilderte, mit einem Schnitt zwischen den Schulerblättern beginnende Abziehen der Haut bei lebendigem Leib. Irgendwo eingeordnet zwischen Natur und Unnatur, begegnet uns auch the portrait of a fair English Lady, drawn Al Negro or in the Aethiopian hue, von viel größerer Schönheit durch diese Verdunkelung, so Browne, als sie sonst wäre in der ihr angeborenen Blässe, und mit der ihm unvergeßlichen Unterschrift:y sed quandam volo nocte Nigriorem. Außer solchen staunenswerten Schrift- und Kunstwerken sind aufbewahrt in dem Musaeum Clausum Medaillen und Münzen, ein Edelstein aus dem Kopf eines Geiers, ein aus dem Schädelknochen eines Frosches geschnittenes Kreuz, Straußen- und Kolibrieier, die buntesten Papageienfedern, ein Skorbutpulver, hergestellt aus den getrockneten Schlinggewächsen der Sargassosee, a highly magnified extract of Cachundè employed in the East Indies againsl melancholy sowie ein hermetisch verschlossenes Glas mit einem aus ätherischen Salzen gewonnenen Geist, der sich unter dem Einfluß der Taghelle so leicht verflüchtigt, daß man ihn bloß während der Wintermonate beziehungsweise beim Schimmer eines bononischen Karfunkels studieren kann. All das ist verzeichnet in dem an Seltsamkeiten reichen Register des Naturforschers und Arztes Thomas Browne, all das und vieles noch mehr, von dem ich aber jetzt nichts weiter anführen will, außer vielleicht jenes als Wanderstab dienende Bambusrohr, in dessen Inwendigem, zur Zeit des byzantinischen Kaisers Justinian, zwei persische Mönche, die zur Ergründung der Geheimnisse des Seidenbaus lange in China sich aufgehalten hatten, die ersten Eier der Seidenraupe glücklich über die Reichsgrenzen und in den westlichen Weltteil brachten.